Straddling the towns of Saint Cyr sur mer and Bandol, perched on the hills overlooking the sea and the calanque of Port d'Alon, the Domaine de Frégate benefits from several privileges. Its geographic location, situated on a headland looking onto the South and the West, provides the ideal climate for the grapes to fully ripen. The grape varieties, consiting of Mourvèdre, Grenache and Cinsault, give the red and rosé wines the distinctively typical characteristics of a Bandol AOC.
The vineyard is built on chalky, stoney, arid and clay terrain, producing small yields of wine. These soils, which are especially rich in siliceous elements, are found in most of the Protected Designation of Origin wine areas.
With its 300 days of sunshine per year, our region has an exceptional climate. Thanks to the beneficial power of the wind which brings just the right amount of rain and the mistral wind which encourages makes for an extraordinary state of health, the vine bears its fruit when perfectly ripe.
Climate: Both protected yet open...the Bandol terroir is protected from sudden weather changes thanks to its amphitheatre of wooded mountains. That said, it is not closed off to the more "useful" winds, such as the mistral. The mistral plays a big role in the area, its easterly and southern-easterly gusts of wind bring their share of rain (600 mm per year, across autumn and winter) and the Mediterranean breeze gently cools down the sweltering heat. With around 2000 hours of sun per year, the vine benefits from exceptional levels of sunshine.
Land: The Domaine de Frégate vines are planted on calcareous-clay soils which are dry, stoney, high in siliceous elements and produce small yields of wine. The total area of the vineyard consists of 26 hectares, of Bandol AOC classified vines.
The Domaine de Frégate is the only Bandol vineyard to produce a hectare of its wine in its own cellar (the remaining hectares are in the preparation process). Additionally, its vineyard is the only Bandol vineyard to be located extremely near the sea and to make their wine on site.
Grape varieties: The vineyard uses three main grape varieties, Mourvèdre, originating from Spain and known as the king of the Bandol grape varieties, Grenache and Cinsault.
-Mourvèdre: Its compact and conical grapes are made up of little thick-skinned seeds. They are a mix of a rich black and prune colour. This grape awards Bandol with its deep originality and works perfectly and productively with the sun and the climate. It can be found in up to 75% of our blends.
- Grenache: This is a red grape that makes a strong, fruity and intensely coloured wine. It produces average to big sized grapes. Grenache grapes absorb sugar well, making the wines rich in alcohol but weak in acidity.
Grenache is used as a base to make structured and aromatic long-keeping wines and is essentially the base of the blend of all grape varieties.
Cinsault: Originating from Provence, Cinsault produces large, very sugary grapes, with juicy flesh. They contain little tannin, which is why they are often used along with other grape varieties such as Carignan, Grénache and Mourvèdre…More than any other grape variety, it dreads large yields! While Cinsault is a rational grape, it is also a beautiful, delicate pink colour and adds a fruity, freshness to a rosé.